Which support for which rose?
About bushes, shrubs, climbers, ‘standards’, ‘weeping standards’ and ramblers
To find whether and, if so, which kind of support your roses require, take a closer look at what you have in your garden. In gardens roses are grown as bushes, shrubs or climbers.
Bushes are usually low growing, often quite upright in habit, with multiple stems emerging near ground level; they are often grown formally in beds with other roses. These low growing roses seldom require support as they do not grow to a great height. Low support frames may prove useful as edging if the pathway between rose borders is very narrow, e.g. the ‘Zurich’ Lawn Edging.
Shrubs are larger and have a sort of informal and sometimes arching habit. They are a good show in mixed borders or grown separately as specimens. Shrub roses, which grow to a height of between 5 and 6 ft., can easily grow to at least 7 ft. if trained on a support frame. There they will also bloom more abundantly than in their natural shrub form. Garden obelisks, free-standing trellises and garden pyramids are ideal for this purpose.
Standards and Weeping Standards
Some roses may also be trained as ‘standard’, which are plants grafted high onto a rose rootstock, resulting in extra height which can add height and colour to a mixed border. Typically the measures are 1 metre for a regular ‘standard’ or 1.40 metre for a ‘weeping standard’. A standard rose is best secured to solid metal garden stakes. Strong wood stakes are also fine, but their rather rustic appearance does not go well with the queen of flowers. Now the weeping standard requires a so called ‘rose umbrella’ to show off and withstand strong winds and storms. As the name suggests this is a sturdy, umbrella like iron frame. It was invented by the French painter Claude Monet for weeping standard roses at his famous gardens in Giverny.
Climbing roses are usually trained to suitable supports such as garden archways. As they easily grow to heights between 7 and 13 ft., they will always require some form of support. As mentioned, the classic solution is to train them onto garden arches and also arbours. Other options include larger, solid garden obelisks, sturdy free-standing trellises, pergolas, rose tunnels and wrought iron gazebos. And of course, fences, wall trellises and iron railings are also suitable. The French developed special intricate ornamental trellises, named ‘Treillage’ to make climbing roses a truly spectacular show.
Ramblers or Rambling Roses
Rambling roses, which grow to a natural height of between 15 and 30 ft., are ideal for covering arbours, pavilions, pergolas, gazebos, rose tunnels and high fences or walls. Subject to certain limits, they can also be trained to grow on high and stable arch trellises.